HISTORY

 

1940-1970 : the discoverers

What to do      
  S. BUNNELL (1948)

 

"when you have nothing, something is a lot"

 
         
 

 

J.N. WILSON (1956)

J Bone Joint Surg, 1956, 38A : 1019-1024.

Fifty years ago, he stated :

  1. avoid wrist arthrodesis in order to retain tenodesis effects
  2. when wrist extension is preserved, use gravity to extend fingers, and perform a flexor tenodesis for grasp and pinch.

 

 
         
   

P.R. LISCOMB, E.C. ELKINS, E.D. HENDERSON (1958)

J Bone Joint Surg, 1958, 40A : 1071-1080.

In what is now called "group 5", they proposed a two-stage operation :

  • 1st stage : ECRL to EDC and EPL transfer, and intrinsic palliative (Riordan tenodesis)
  • 2nd stage : PT-to-FDP, BR-to-FPL, and FCR for opposition of the thumb.

 

 
What to do not      
   

D.M. STREET, H.D. STAMBAUGH (1959)

Clin Orthop, 1959, 13 : 155-163.

They described 6 techniques of finger flexor tenodesis into the radius. Today this procedure is exceptional.

 

 
       
   

V.L. NICKEL, J. PERRY, A.L. GARRETT (1963)

J Bone Joint Surg, 1963, 45A : 933-951.

They described a "flexor-hinge" hand, with multiple fingers arthrodesis. This irrealistic idea was never popular and is completely abandoned today.

 

 

 
 
         
         
         
         

 

 

 

1970-1998 : the pionneers

A. FREEHAFER (1967)

D.W. LAMB (1971)

E. MOBERG (1975)

E.A. ZANCOLLI (1975)

 

1998-2002 : FES (functional electrical stimulation)

In 1995, the Cleveland FES Center (directed by Prof Hunter Peckham) licensed the Freehand® System to NeuroControl® Corporation. Two years later, the system received approval from Federal Food and Drug Administration.

2002-today : return to the sources

In 2002, NeuroControl® Corporation (Cleveland, Ohio) stopped the sales of Freehand System for commercial reasons.

 

International conferences

  1. 1978 : Edimburg

  2. 1984 : Giens

  3. 1989 : Göteborg

  4. 1991 : Palo-Alto

  5. 1995 : Melbourne

  6. 1998 : Cleveland

  7. 2001 : Bologna

  8. 2003 : Christchurch

  9. 2007 : Philadelphia

  10. 2010 : Paris

  11. 2013 : Hong-Kong

  12. 2016 : Recife